The fingerboard is the part of the violin glued to the neck made from the hardest available wood, usually ebony, so that its surface withstands the long-term clapping and pressing of the fingers of the violinist when he stops the strings for producing the tone of the desired pitch. Low grade instruments may use different kinds of woods painted black. The fingerboard has to be cleaned and filed by the luthier from time to time to even the surface and maintain the proper curve of the fingerboard after the heavy use.
Violinist use of the fingerboard
The violin fingerboard has no frets so that the player can intone the pitch of the tones very precisely. The range of the violin is four and half octaves from G3 to E7 (or C8). The Violin fingering chart contains 104 tones for the range G3 - C8.
The violinist uses the four fingers for the tone creation:
- 1: forefinger
- 2: middle finger
- 3: ring finger
- 4: little finger
The thumb is not used for playing on the fingerboard, nevertheless it plays an important role for supporting the hand movement between positions. Violin fingerboard fingering chart shows all the tones on the fingerboard, the position number indicates the position in which the violinist plays when the first finger is on that note. After the first seven positions the tones are repeated again in the same order, the eighth position is the same as the first.