# Intervals on the violin

From Violinwiki

## Contents

- 1 Names of intervals
- 2 Intervals in the major and the natural minor scale
- 3 Size of intervals
- 4 Examples of the major, minor, augmented and diminished intervals
- 5 Examples of the perfect, augmented and diminished intervals
- 6 All diatonic intervals occurring in the major scale
- 7 Examples of the intervals
- 8 Names of intervals and the finger distances

Intervals are the building stones of the scales. An interval can be defined as the distance between two tones.

**Intervals in one octave C Major scale**

#### Names of intervals

- Within one octave
- unison (prime)
- second
- third
- fourth
- fifth
- sixth
- seventh
- octave

- Beyond one octave
- ninth
- tenth
- eleventh
- twelfth
- thirteenth

The name of the interval can be determined by starting to count from the bottom note and counting all the notes up to the top note including the bottom and top note.

#### Intervals in the major and the natural minor scale

#### Size of intervals

- minor
- second (one semitone)
- third (three semitones)
- sixth (eight semitones)
- seventh (ten semitones)

- major
- second (two semitones)
- third (four semitones)
- sixth (nine semitones)
- seventh (eleven semitones)

- perfect
- prime (unison)
- fourth (five semitones)
- fifth (seven semitones)
- octave (twelve semitones)

- augmented
- fourth (tritone) (six semitones)
- ... and other intervals

- diminished
- fifth (six semitones)
- ... and other intervals

The size of the interval can be determined by first determining the name of interval and then counting the number of semitones.

#### Examples of the major, minor, augmented and diminished intervals

#### Examples of the perfect, augmented and diminished intervals

Intervals can also be described as melodic (the tones are played one after another) or harmonic (the tones are played at the same time).

#### All diatonic intervals occurring in the major scale

#### Examples of the intervals

##### Within one octave starting on the first finger on the string

##### Arranged by the interval size in the G major scale

Relationship between the intervals and the distance of the fingers on the **fingerboard**.

#### Names of intervals and the finger distances

- minor
- second (one semitone; the fingers are next to each other)
- third (three semitones; two skipped tones between the fingers)
- sixth (one semitone; the fingers are next to each other)
- seventh (three semitones; two skipped tones between the fingers)

- major
- second (two semitones; one skipped tone between the fingers)
- third (four semitones; three skipped tones between the fingers)
- sixth (two semitones; one skipped tone between the fingers)
- seventh (four semitones; three skipped tones between the fingers)

- perfect
- fourth (five semitones; four skipped tones between the fingers)
- fifth (zero; the same finger holds both tones)
- octave (five semitones; four skipped tones between the fingers)

- augmented
- fourth (tritone) (six semitones; five skipped tones between the fingers)