Violin finger patterns

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The basic violin finger patterns can be derived from the major scales as was done by Otakar Ševčík in his Semitone system [1]. Other violin finger patterns, extensions and contractions, can be derived from the old Church scales, the minor scales, or by the combination of the remaining possibilities from the basic finger patterns.

The finger patterns arranged by the function

Basic violin finger patterns

The basic finger patterns are derived from the major scales and the fingers cover only the intervals of the semitone or the whole tone.

Extensions

One of the fingers is extended and covers an interval larger than the whole tone, an augmented second. The patterns can be found in the harmonic and melodic minor scales.

The extensions with the interval between the fingers larger than the augmented second are not considered except the Paganini chord.

Contractions

The whole hand occupies less than perfect fourth. The patterns can be found in the melodic minor scales and minor lydian scales.

The opposite of the Whole Tone Finger Pattern, the Semitone Finger Pattern not occurring in any usual scale.

Combined patterns

  • 1––234 Combined Extension Contraction Pattern with Augmented Second

The finger patterns arranged by the interval span

The violin finger patterns can be arranged by the interval span of the first and fourth finger.

Perfect Fourth

  • 1-23-4
  • 12-3-4
  • 1-2-34
  • 12––34

Augmented Fourth

  • 1-2-3-4
  • 1-23––4
  • 12-3––4
  • 1––23-4

Major Third

  • 12-34
  • 1-234
  • 123-4

Minor Third

  • 1234

References

  1. Violinschule für Anfänger, Op. 6, I, Bosworth, Leipzig, c. 1903