Violinwiki:Naming conventions

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Technical restrictions

There are restrictions on the characters used in the name of the page: The following characters cannot be used at all: # < > [ ] | { } _

Avoid using:

  • quotation marks in titles
  • characters not found on a standard keyboard (use redirects)
  • symbols
  • characters not supported on all browsers

The easiest way to find out if the name of the page is valid is to create a link. If a link can be created, the page name is valid.

The maximum length of the page name is 240 characters.

Conventions

Names of the people

For the names of people, such as composers, teachers, luthiers or players, use the natural name order.

Examples:

  • Johann Sebastian Bach
  • Niccoló Paganini
  • Francesco Geminiani

It is advisable to create redirect to an already created page in the form of surname first, followed by a comma and Christian name(s).

Examples:

  • Bach, Johann Sebastian -> Johann Sebastian Bach
  • Geminiani, Francesco -> Francesco Geminiani

The reason for the redirects is the comfort of the user during search. It is natural to create and read an article with the title Johann Sebastian Bach, but it is natural to start search with Bach, not Johann.

If there is diacritics in the name of the person, create also a redirect without diacritics.

Example:

  • Ševčík, Otakar -> Otakar Ševčík
  • Sevcik, Otakar -> Otakar Ševčík

Again, the reason is the comfort of the user during the search, not everybody has the keyboard capable of every diacritical character or is aware of their usage.

If there are two persons with the same name, disambiguate them with the years of birth and death.

Examples:

  • John Doe (1632-1699)
  • John Doe (1756-1811)
  • John Doe (1999-)

When entering the names of people that do not have existing pages on Violinwiki, are not on any page in a list or there is no existing red links in Wanted pages yet, check the correctness of the names as advised in Fact checking. The correct form may be different from the most prevalent form. Enter the full names, such as Johann Sebastian Bach, not abbreviated names like J.S. Bach. Use English transliteration for Russian names even if your own language may provides different form.

Titles of books and musical pieces

The naming convention of titles of of books and musical pieces is a compromise between technical restrictions and effort for maximum preciseness and the mess the music publishers sometimes made during the past five centuries.

Definition

Opus name, as used further in the definitions of the names, is a name of the piece followed by key, opus number, known designations and composer's (or authors's) name in the reversed order (Surname, Christian names) in parentheses.

Examples:

  • Scène de Ballet, Op. 100 (Bériot, Charles de)
  • Czardas (Monti, Vittorio)
  • Concerto No. 9 in A minor, Op. 104 (de Bériot,Charles-Auguste)
  • Step by Step - Volume 2A (Wartberg, Kerstin)
  • Concerto in A Minor, Op. 3, No. 6, RV 356, 1st Mvt (Vivaldi, Antonio)
  • École du mécanisme, Op. 74 (Dancla, Charles)
  • Violin concerto No. 1 in A minor (Accolay, Jean-Baptiste)
  • Concerto in A minor, Op. 3, No. 6, RV 356 (Vivaldi, Antonio)
  • Concerto for Two Violins in D minor, BWV 1043 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

Titles of the musical pieces

For the names of pieces, bare opus names as defined above are used, that is use the name of the piece followed by key, opus number, known designations and composer's name in the reversed order (Surname, Christian names) in parentheses.

Examples as given above in the definition of opus name and below:

  • Violin concerto No. 1 in A minor (Accolay, Jean-Baptiste)
  • Concerto in A minor, Op. 3, No. 6, RV 356 (Vivaldi, Antonio)
  • Concerto for Two Violins in D minor, BWV 1043 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

Separate pages may be devoted to individual movements.

Examples:

  • Concerto in G minor, Op. 12, No. 1, RV 317, 1st Mvt (Vivaldi, Antonio)
  • Concerto in G minor, Op. 12, No. 1, RV 317, 2nd Mvt (Vivaldi, Antonio)
  • Concerto in G minor, Op. 12, No. 1, RV 317, 3rd Mvt (Vivaldi, Antonio)
  • Concerto in G minor, Op. 12, No. 1, RV 317, 1st Mvt, Allegro (Vivaldi, Antonio)

Arrangements of a piece may merit separate pages if there are substantial differences. In that case Opusname(arranger - optional) may be used as the page name. Otherwise they may better be part of the core article.

Music piece name has priority over sheet music name. Musical pieces always use English version of the title or the established title.

Key expressions

Even though the key expressions in the titles of the musical pieces can be found with differing capitalization in the violin literature, such as Concerto in G minor, Sonata in A Major, Concerto in B Flat Major, for the sake of consistency the key letter is always capitalized and the other expressions such as minor, major or flat are always lowercase as the usage is in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English, A S Hornby, OUP, 1989. When the key expression is not part of the title of the piece, it can be written as needed.

Titles of the sheet music and media

Opus name is used as it was originally published and can be read on the physical copy of a given edition (barring corrections of orthographic errors [sic]).

  • Opus name(editions)
  • Opus name(sheetmusic - optional)(publisher - optional)(year - optional)
  • Opus name(book)(publisher - optional)(year - optional)
  • Opus name(Digital print)(publisher - optional)(year - optional)
  • Opus name(CD)(publisher - optional)(year - optional)

Examples (fictional):

  • École du mécanisme, Op. 74 (Dancla, Charles)(editions)
  • Publisher
    • École du mécanisme, Op. 74 (Dancla, Charles)(sheetmusic)(Edition Peters)
    • École du mécanisme, Op. 74 (Dancla, Charles)(sheetmusic)(Schott)

The (sheetmusic) and (publisher) are optional only in the cases where there is no danger of the title collision with the name of the piece, for example music collections or violin methods and the composer is exclusively published by one publisher.

Examples:

  • Romantic Violinist (Nelson, Sheila M.)

It is strongly recommended to use (sheetmusic) and (publisher) when the title of the sheet music and title of the piece are identical and can be published by many publishers.

  • Czardas (Monti, Vittorio)(sheetmusic)(Editio Musica Budapest)
  • Concerto No. 9 in A minor, Op. 104 (de Bériot,Charles-Auguste)(sheetmusic)(Adolf Kunz)
  • Concerto No. 9 in A minor, Op. 104 (de Bériot,Charles-Auguste)(sheetmusic)(Orbis)

Opus name for the titles published in the languages using Latin alphabet is always used as in original title. Exception may be the titles in Hungarian that are very difficult to decipher for non-native speakers and English is recommended to use instead. Titles of the works in the languages not using Latin alphabet are used in English.

Editions pages always use English title version followed by (editions). Editions pages contain list of editions of the work.

Examples:

  • Czardas (Monti, Vittorio)(editions)
  • 60 Etudes, Op.45 (Wohlfahrt, Franz)(editions)

Do not use the definite article the in the book or musical piece title unless it is a genuine part of it.

When entering the book information, if your copy has ISBN number, check the book in catalogues as in Fact checking and check www.worldcat.org and check bibliographical information from the catalogue. Some books may have an incorrect ISBN number.

Summary

  • Opusname
  • Opusname(arranger - optional)
  • Opusname(editions)
  • Opusname(sheetmusic)(publisher)(year - optional)
  • Opusname(book)(publisher - optional)(year - optional)
  • Opusname(Digital print)(publisher - optional)(year - optional)
  • Opusname(CD)(publisher - optional)(year - optional)

Fiddle music

Fiddle music has no opus number but many fiddle tunes exist in many arrangements. It is vital that there is always arranger behind the tune to be able to distinguish pages.

Examples (fictional):

  • Londonderry Hornpipe (Wicklund, Brian)
  • Londonderry Hornpipe (Duncan, Craig)

Names of the uploaded files

The name of the file always has to correspond to the contents of the file so the cryptic names like file001.jpg are advised against. For example, Arcangello Corelli composing La Folia.jpg or Arcangello Corelli playing violin.png. Numbering is used as a last resort when there is no other differentiation possible.